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【转载】过去分词作宾补语法学案  

2013-07-23 17:16:17|  分类: 英语教与学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自玉兔王子《过去分词作宾补语法学案》

Grammar: The Past Participle as Object Complement

Part I . Observation

Observe the following sentences. Underline the Past Participle in them and find out the function and charactoristics of the Past Participle.

1.  The villagers had many trees planted last year.

2.  They managed to make themselves understood in very simple English.

3.  They kept the door locked for a long time.

4.  Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.

5.  He felt himself cheated.

6.  When we got to school, we saw the door locked.

7.  The boss wanted the problem discussed at once.

8.  I wish the problem settled.

9.  The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

10. With everything arranged, he left the office.

Summing up:

英语中过去分词作宾语补足语,通常用于一下几种情况:

①谓语是have,make,get等使役动词时;

②谓语动词是see, notice, watch, observe, hear, listen to等感官动词或think, find,等表示心理状态的动词时;

③谓语动词是want, wish, like, expect,order等表示“希望、愿望。命令”的动词时;

④在with的复合结构中。

其中过去分词表动作完成或被动意义,有时二者兼而有之。

此外,“have +宾语+过去分词”除了表示表"让某人做某事/让某事(被人)做"还可以表示"遭遇到某种不幸,受到打击/受. . . . . .影响,蒙受. . . . . .损失"

Eg: I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

Part II. Observe the differences between doing and done as object complement.

eg: He didn't notice me waiting.        I noticed him beaten.

I hear the girl singing the song.      I heard the song sung in English.

I saw him opening the window.      I saw the window opened.

一般说来:现在分词作宾补:表示动作正在进行。宾语跟它是主谓关系。

过去分词作宾补:表示动作已经完成,宾语跟它是动宾关系,若动词是不及物动词仅表示该动作 已经完成 并没有被动意义。

Eg: I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

Part III Practice

1. Fill in the blanks with proper form of the words given.

1. We are pleased to see the problem settled (settle) so quickly.

2. Being poor at English, I'm afraid I can't make myself   understood  (understand) in English.

3. When I was going to have my radio changed (change), I had had my bike stolen (steal).

4. You must get the work  done  (do) before Friday, so I keep myself  working (work) on it every.

5.  Entering the room, the nurse found the tape-recorder   gone  (go).

6. I am sorry, I have left some of your questions unanswered (unanswer).

7. Towards nightfall, I found myself carried (carry) out to sea by a strong wind.

8.Jane got her bad tooth   pulled out  (pull out) at the dentist's.

9.I'm going to have my letters   posted  (post) tomorrow if I've got them ready by then.

10. A. With a lot of difficulties  overcome  (overcome), they decided to have a good rest.

B. With a lot of difficulties  to overcome  (overcome), they need to spend a long time on the project.

C. With the machine  working  (work), the students can’t hear clearly.

11.A. They hurried back home only to find their house   broken  (break) into.

B. The police found the man breaking  (break) into a house.

12.A. When he came to life, he found himself  sitting  (sit) on a chair, with his hands tied(tie)back.

B. He found them  seated  (seat) at a table  playing  (play) chess.

13. A. We can hear the windows  beaten  (beat) by the heavy rain drops.

B. Last night I hear the father  beat/beating  (beat) the son.

14.Every great culture has its own ideas of beauty  expressed (express) in art and literature.

15. Mrs.  Brown was much  disappointed  (disoppoint) to see the  washing (wash) machine break down again.

16.The end of the   puzzling   (puzzle) story left me completely  puzzled  (puzzle).

17. A. We all found the speech  given  (give) by the professor  intersting  (interst).

B. We found the audience interested (interest) in the professor’s speech.

2. Complete the following sentences

1、我想修这个手表,但我妻子却宁愿丢掉它。

I wanted to have my watch repired, but my wife would rather have it thrown away.

2、店主将于今天把这些电视机派发(deliver)出去。

The shop owner will get all these TV sets delivered today.

3、他发现他家乡大大地改变了。

He found his hometown greatly changed.

4、我经常听见ABC歌被人唱,但是我从未听过爱丽丝唱这首歌。

I have often heard the ABC Song sung, but I have never heard Alice sing it.

5、我不想孩子们在这样的天气被带出去。

I don't want the children taken out in such weather.

6、他举着手站了一会儿。

He stood for an instant/a while with his hand still raised/rising.

7、说了这些话,她觉得心跳很快。

With the words spoken, she felt her heart beating fast.

8、约翰匆忙跑出去,门都没锁。

John rushed out in a hurry, leaving the door unlocked.

9. 他们的工作完成了,所以他们边唱边笑着回家了。

With their work  finished  , they went home,singing and laughing.

过去分词作宾补语法学案 - 玉兔王子 - bilixiang的博客

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